Hermes – Greek God of Trade

Hermes is one of the most well-known and revered gods in Greek mythology. As the god of commerce, thieves, travelers, and communication, he held a special place in the hearts and minds of the ancient Greeks. He was one of the twelve Olympian gods.

Who was Hermes?
Hermes was the son of Zeus, the king of the gods, and Maia, a daughter of the Titan Atlas. He was born in a cave on Mount Cyllene in Arcadia, and soon after his birth, he exhibited a precocious intelligence and a love of adventure.

Story about Hermes
According to legend, Hermes was a mischievous child who loved to play pranks on the other gods and mortals. One of his most famous exploits involved stealing Apollo’s cattle, which he then hid in a nearby cave. When Apollo discovered the theft, he demanded that Hermes return the cattle to him. Hermes agreed, but only after he had managed to charm Apollo with his wit and cunning.

As he grew older, Hermes became known for his skill as a messenger and communicator. He was said to be able to speak in many languages, and he often acted as a mediator between the gods and mortals. He was also revered for his ability to guide travelers on their journeys, and he was often depicted with a winged cap and sandals that allowed him to move quickly across great distances.

Family of Hermes
Hermes had several siblings, including the gods Apollo, Ares, Dionysus, and Hephaestus, as well as the goddesses Athena, Artemis, and Persephone. He was also believed to have had several children, including the god Pan, who was known for his wild and mischievous behavior.

10 Myths and Facts about Hermes

  1. Birth of Hermes: According to Greek mythology, Hermes was born to Zeus and Maia, one of the seven Pleiades, a group of seven sisters.
  2. God of Thieves: Hermes is often associated with thieves and is said to have invented the lyre, which he used to distract his brother Apollo while he stole cattle from him.
  3. Messenger of the Gods: As the messenger of the gods, Hermes was responsible for delivering messages, dreams, and even souls to the underworld.
  4. Patron of Travelers: Hermes is the patron god of travelers, and he was often depicted as a guide for those on their journeys. In fact, he was considered the protector of roads and travelers in ancient Greece.
  5. Trickster: Hermes was known as a trickster, using his wit and cunning to outsmart those around him. He was even said to have stolen Apollo’s cattle by reversing their hoofprints.
  6. Multi-talented God: Hermes was a god of many domains, including commerce, invention, and athletics. He was also known for his healing abilities.
  7. Hermes’ Symbols: The caduceus, a staff with two intertwined snakes, was one of Hermes’ most well-known symbols. The winged hat and sandals, which allowed him to travel quickly, were also associated with him.
  8. Worship of Hermes: The cult of Hermes was widespread in ancient Greece, and he was often worshipped alongside other gods.
  9. Hermes and the Olympics: Hermes played a significant role in the ancient Olympics. He was the god of athletics and was responsible for awarding the winners of the various events.
  10. Hermes’ Children: Hermes had many children, including the god Pan, who was associated with nature and the wild, and Hermaphroditus, a god of bisexuality.
  11. The Symbols of Hermes

    One of the most well-known symbols of Hermes is the caduceus, a staff with two entwined snakes and wings at the top. The caduceus is a symbol of commerce, negotiation, and trade, and it is often associated with Hermes’s role as a god of commerce and messenger of the gods. The staff is also believed to have magical powers, and it was often used by Hermes to usher the dead to the underworld.

    Another important symbol of Hermes is the petasos, a wide-brimmed hat often depicted with wings on the sides. The petasos represents Hermes’s role as a messenger and traveler, and it was often worn by travelers in ancient Greece as protection from the sun and rain.

    In addition to the caduceus and the petasos, Hermes is often depicted wearing sandals with wings on them, known as talaria. The talaria represent Hermes’s speed and agility, allowing him to move swiftly and gracefully across great distances.

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